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assyrian empire economic achievements

Log in here for access. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. imaginable degree, area of Assyria (/ ə ˈ s ɪər i ə /), also called the Assyrian Empire, was a Mesopotamian kingdom and empire of the ancient Near East who lived in the Levant that existed as a state from perhaps as early as the 25th century BC (in the form of the Assur city-state) until its collapse between 612 BC and 609 BC – spanning the periods of the Early to Middle Bronze Age through to the late Iron Age. To unlock this lesson you must be a Member. During his rule, Ashurbanipal built a new palace at Nineveh. This library housed texts from all over the empire that scribes had carefully copied. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} SH website uses cookies to improve user experience. The library housed thousands of clay tablets that contained the history of various regions in and around Assyria. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons The Assyrian empire is viewed as one of the greatest of the Mesopotamian empires due to its military strength and size. Assyria brought high civilization to the people groups living in the empire. Punishments included gouging of eyeballs, decapitation, and the stacking of decapitated heads in piles outside city walls. They traded with Asia Minor (for metals), also it was mentioned trade in Kültepe for gold and silver. Create an account to start this course today. In 705, Sargon died in battle and was succeeded by his son Sennacherib. flashcard sets, {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | When did King Ashurbanipal of Assyria live? Perhaps the greatest achievement credited to the Assyrians is the founding of the first university, where theology, philosophy and medicine were taught. Select a subject to preview related courses: Shamash-shum-ukin remained peaceful for 15 years, but then rebelled. They had trading colonies with the Hittites. courses that prepare you to earn Country Assur was firstly mentioned in the XX century BC. Lastly, Assyrians preferred to rule by fear, and settled rebellions with harsh punishments, mass deportations of populations, and sometimes complete destruction. The contributions of Assyria are really the contributions of Mesopotamian culture generally, as these cultures are difficult to separate. Top subjects are Literature, Math, and Business. They cultivated cottonseed wood, developed the craft (they made glass, doors with ornaments; they also developed the marble cutting and trimming craft). They ruled various great empires during their time. Third, Assyria embraced new units like heavy cavalry and siege engines. Literature was also an important contribution by the Assyrians, who systematically translated Greek texts into Assyrian. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. ©2020, Inc. All Rights Reserved. They also used siege engines that were built with battering rams at the bases. Assyrians developed the ability to smelt iron and carbon together. At its height Assyria included all or parts of Iran, Kuwait, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel, and Saudi Arabia. Ancient Assyria, like Sparta in the movie 300, was a militaristic society that dominated the Middle East by the 9th century BCE. The Assyrian empire is viewed as one of the greatest of the Mesopotamian empires due to its military strength and size. In addition to this and the rivers were rich in fish, while on the hills they had many vineyards. The last King of the Neo-Assyrian Empire, who went by the name Ashurbanipal, built a library in ancient Nineveh. A great medical textbook on ophthalmology, written by Hunayn ibn-Ishaq in 950 A.D. would remain an definitive source up to 1800. Shamash-shum-ukin received Babylonia, and Ashurbanipal the rest of the empire. Rebellions. Assyria occupies a small territory along the upper course of the river Tigris, the territory that stretched from the lower course of Zab in the south to the mountains Masios in the northwest. The resulting metal was stronger and cheaper than bronze. The Assyrians had lots of war related innovations which made them almost unbeatable.

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